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Stamp ProfileCOSMOS 2011RomaniaIssue date: 09.05.2011On the 50th anniversary of the first man’s flight in Cosmos (Yuri Gagarin), on the 30th anniversary of the first Romanian’s flight in Cosmos (Dumitru Dorin Prunariu) and on the 50th anniversary of the first session of COPUOS (UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space), Romfilatelia introduces into circulation the postage stamps issue entitled COSMOS 2011.On the postage stamp with the face value of lei 3.00 is reproduced the image of Dumitru Dorin Prunariu, the first Romanian cosmonaut. Dumitru Dorin Prunariu was the first Romanian to ever take part in a space flight (Soyuz 40 mission) within the Intercosmos Program, aboard Salyut 6 station (14th – 22ndof May 1961).Together with the Russian cosmonaut Leonid Ivanovich Popov, Dumitru Dorin Prunariu performed several scientific experiments, among which, an important study on the terrestrial magnetic field.On the postage stamp with the face value of lei 4.70 is reproduced the image of the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968). In 1961, on the 12th of April, the cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin aboard Vostok 1 capsule was the first man to ever go on an orbital flight in the outer space. 50 years ago, it was held the first Session of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS).The postage stamp of the souvenir sheet of the issue,with the face value of lei 8.70 reproduces the image of the Earth seen from the outer space, at which is added the explanatory text of the anniversary event: 50 years – the First COPUOS Session.The Committee was established by the UN General Assembly in 1959 for the purpose of harmonising international cooperation in the field of the peaceful uses of outer space. Romania is a founding member of this Committee and was registered with COPUOS since 1959.As reward for the activity and involvement of Romania in this field, our country holds the COPUOS Presidency, for the period June 2010 – June 2012, the elected President being the Romanian cosmonaut Dumitru Dorin Prunariu. From 9 to 12 May 2011, the International Academy of Astronautics holds in Bucharest the second Conference on protecting our planet from impacts by asteroids and comets, 2011 IAA Planetary Defense Conference – From Threat to Action.For the documentary assistance and the images offered for the accomplishment of this postage stamps issue, we would like to thank the Romanian Space Agency, the first Romanian cosmonaut Mr. Dumitru Dorin Prunariu, the United Nations, the Permanent Mission of Romania to the United Nations, the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Bucharest, The Federal State Unitary Enterprise in the Russian Federation – The Publishing and Trading Centre MARKA and also to the family of the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.50 Years of Manned Space Flight commemorateAustriaIssue Date: 2011/04/12The age of manned space travel, a milestone in the history of mankind, began on 12 April 1961, a historic day whose 50th anniversary is being recalled with a commemorative stamp. In accordance with the occasion, the issue is correspondingly innovative, with a special gloss resulting from the application of a printed silver foil to the stamp. The mini-sheet consisting of 10 stamps, the margin of which is decorated with illustrations of various famous spacecraft, beyond doubt constitutes in its entirety a successful piece of “contemporary philately”.The history of manned space travel: It was Yuri Gagarin, the legendary Russian cosmonaut, who on that 12 April 1961 was the first man to orbit the earth in a Vostok spacecraft. Only a few weeks later, on 5 May 1961, the USA replied with a 16 minute suborbital flight by Alan Shepard as part of its Mercury programme. In 1968, the first humans travelled into space in Apollo 7, ultimately leading to the first manned Moon landing in 1969 with the famous Apollo 11 and the three astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins. After this, the focus was on space nearer to earth. The Salyut and Skylab space stations provided a modest home for humans in space. In addition, the Apollo-Soyuz project in 1975 was the first joint American-Soviet mission. Thereafter, the two nations went their separate ways for the next 20 years.The US space shuttle was developed as early as the 1970s. Although despite the Colombia disaster it is still being used, a successor system is already in the process of development. Following the strategic realignment of NASA at the beginning of 2004, other space vehicles are needed for the planned Moon and Mars flights, while in addition the future of the ISS is uncertain. The Soviet Union also used the shuttle concept in the 1980s — leading to the Buran space shuttle, the counterpart to the US space shuttle. As a result of financial and political difficulties, the Buran was however never used for a manned mission and in 1993 the programme was finally stopped. At the same time, the Soviet Union continued to work on its manned space station programme. 1986 saw the launch of the first Mir space station module, which remained in operation until 2001 and supplied 28 base crews.