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Stamp Profile Satellites Lithuania Date of issue 20/09/2014 For the first time ever, this year Lithuania launched into the space 2 satellites. To mark this historical event, Lithuania Post is going to release a new postage stamp. The stamps designed by the artist Evelina Paukštytė feature the both Lithuanian satellites launched into the space: LituanicaSAT-1 and LitSat-1. The new stamp will be released in the edition of 132ths with a nominal value of LTL 2.90 (EUR 0.84). Along with the stamp, a booklet in the edition of 3000 copies and two first day covers will be released. On Saturday, postal correspondence paid by the new stamp will be marked by the first day cancellation at Vilnius and Kaunas Main Post Offices. By launching into the space the first 2 Lithuanian satellites LituanicaSAT-1 and LitSat- 1, on 9 January 2014, Lithuania joined the group of countries that have entered the space. The Lithuanian satellites flew around the orbit for six months. The satellites collected information about communications systems, took the photos of the Earth, Sun, and Moon, tested FM transmitters the signal of which was received by radio fans in more than 20 countries. The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation AMSAT has assigned the satellite LituanicaSAT-1 an international number LO-78. Such numbers are assigned to the satellites that meet the requirements set for communications satellite. The launch of the satellites is a big step made by Lithuania towards design and development of more complex projects. Signs of the Sky Finland Date of issue 01/09/2014 A playful booklet of stamps depicting different signs of the sky will also be released. The booklet, containing eight 1st class self- adhesive stamps in different sizes and shapes, designed by graphic artist Nina Rintala, portray, for instance, planets, a shooting star, the sun, clouds and a rainbow. In addition to stamps, the booklet contains tens of tiny stickers to modify the postal item to your liking. Prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Kopal (1914–1993) Czech Republic Prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Kopal, DrSc. (4. 4. 1914 in Litomyšl – 23. 6. 1993 in Wilmslow, United Kingdom) was a Czech astronomer and astrophysicist, famous also in the fields of numerical mathematics, ballistics and aerodynamics. His most important scientific work was related to variable stars, especially close eclipsing binary stars, and he researched the Moon and terrestric planets. He is considered the most significant Czech astronomer of the 20th century. When he was a small boy, his grandfather Josef Lelek, a teacher at the council school in Jičín, awoke his interest in the natural sciences. So it was not surprising that at the age of only fifteen, when his family moved to Prague, he joined the Czech Astronomical Society. There at the Štefánik observatory, he began his research on variable stars and, still a high school student, he published several scholarly articles in international scientific journals. In 1933 he graduated from secondary school with honors and enrolled, despite the insistence of his parents who wanted him a lawyer or doctor, in the study of mathematics, physics and astronomy at the Faculty of Natural Science at Charles University. During his studies he participated in the congress of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in Paris in 1935, where he was immediately accepted as a member on the basis of the works he had already published. In 1937 he graduated from the university and was awarded the prestigious Denis scholarship which enabled his further studies in the United Kingdom, in Cambridge, with the famous astrophysicist, Sir Arthur Eddington. In 1938, he and his wife went on a scholarship-funded research trip to the Harvard Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts. However, during the ship voyage they received news of the Munich Agreement and decided to stay in the U.S.A. Kopal worked there under the supervision of Harlow Shapley on the issue of light curves of binary stars. From 1942 he also worked at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on problems of ballistics and aerodynamics for the U.S. Army. On these projects he also collaborated with Norbert Wiener, especially in the field of numerical mathematics. He was elected an honorary member of the Czech Astronomical Society (1967) and the astronomical societies in Liverpool, Salford and Manchester. He received honorary doctorates from universities in Cracow, Poland (1974) and Patras, Greece (1974). The Manchester Astronomical Society has been organizing the annual ceremonial Kopal lecture in his memory. In 2007, the Czech Astronomical Society followed its example and established a Kopal lecture as a form of appreciation of this important astronomer. In 1976 Kopal became a foreign member of the Greek Academy of Sciences in Athens and in 1978 he was made an honorary citizen of the city of Delphi. He was also granted honorary citizenship from his hometown of Litomyšl in 1991. In the Czech Republic he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences in 1968 and a silver medal at Charles University in 1991. Professor Kopal died on 23 June 1993 in Wilmslow near Manchester. He was buried at Vyšehrad alongside other greats of Czech science and art. In accordance with his last will, the scholarly archive of Professor Kopal (also including images of the Moon from the Apollo flight preparation) was stored in the city archives in Litomyšl.
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